Tension and Conflict Theories between Countries Review , Critique and Presenting a Theoretical Model
Dr Abdolali Ghavam , Dr Zahra Ahmadipour , Dr Rebaz Ghorbaninejad ,Dr Mohammad Reza Hafeznia
Tension and conflict between political – spatial unite in different local , regional ,national ,and global aspects have been a part of the human beings on this planet . The nation – state countries as the most basic political units of sovereignty and authority in the territorial apace , which is under their own control , have experienced relations based on tension and conflict with their neighbors due to their quest for national survival and expansion of their sphere of and to achieve national interests . In many cases , governments , because of their perspectives toward geographical and geopolitical factors and values both within and outside their territory , have hold inharmonious views with neighbors or regional and global power and in such a case tension and conflict occurs. Considering the importance of factors causing and conflict in countries relations , different and various perspectives form different scholars and experts from various disciplines such as geography , political science , sociology , management , international relations , geopolitics as well as different schools of thought in this area have been presented . The research hypothesis is that most of the theories presented by professional and scholars relating to the sources of tension and conflict between countries have uni – factor or multifactor essence and none of them have succeeded in providing a comprehensive theoretical model . Accordingly , this paper by using descriptive s a– analytic approaches and using library resources attempts to assess and means of criticism and analysis of theories provides a new theory in the field of factors causing conflict in countries relations .
Geopolitics Quarterly Volume : 9, No 4 , Winter2014 .